Sicily is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea; along with surrounding minor islands, it constitutes an autonomous region of Italy, the Regione Siciliana (Sicilian Region).
Sicily is located in the central Mediterranean. It extends from the tip of the Apennine peninsula from which it is separated only by the narrow Strait of Messina, towards the North African coast. Its most prominent landmark is Mount Etna, which is at 3,320 m, the tallest active volcano in Europe and one of the most active in the world. The island has a typical Mediterranean climate.
Sicily has a rich and unique culture, especially with regard to the arts, music, literature, cuisine, architecture and language. Sicily also holds importance for archeological and ancient sites such as the Necropolis of Pantalica, the Valley of the Temples and Selinunte.
Sicily and its small surrounding islands have some highly active volcanoes. Mount Etna, located in the east of mainland Sicily with a height of 3,320 m is the tallest active volcano in Europe and one of the most active in the world.
Sicily has long been noted for its fertile soil due to the volcanic eruptions in the past and present. The local agriculture is also helped by the pleasant climate of the island. The main agricultural products are wheat, citrons, oranges lemons, tomatoes (Pomodoro di Pachino IGP), olives, olive oil, artichokes, almonds, grapes, pistachios and wine. Cattle and sheep are raised. The cheese productions are particulary important thanks to the Ragusano DOP and the Pecorino Siciliano DOP. Ragusa is noted for its honey and chocolate productions.